Since 2012 all new buildings and structures are required to comply to the Americans with Disability Act. This covers thousands or types of buildings, from hotels and hospitality to schools, public venues, and office/work spaces.
Color Contrast Observance
Contrary to popular opinion there is more to ADA than braille. Colors play a big part for the visually impaired.
Color contrast is very important in the creation of tactile/ADA compliant signage. We adhere to the light/dark, dark/light rule. Beyond color codes, there are local rules in Texas and your local municipality to make sure we are providing you with the most updated and compliant signs.
ADA code is that signs need to be on a non-glare finish and contrasting:
” Finish and Contrast. The characters of the background of signs shall be eggshell, matte, or other non-glare finish.
Characters and symbols shall contrast with their background – either light characters on dark background or dark characters on a light background.” – The Department of Justice ADA Standards for Accessible Design Title III, section 4.30.5
Size and Space Requirements
ADA size requirements specify a text height range of 5/8-2″. For 5/8″ letters, we allow for 2″ of height per line of text. we add generally 1″ space for the braille translation line.
ADA Rules of thumb:
- 6″ high area pictogram with nothing on it
- Letter and pictograms that contrast with their background
- Braille positioned directly below the text
- Fonts all uppercase, sans serif and 5/8″ high at a minimum
There are many uses for braille and tactile signs beyond the basic compliance uses. Many parks, galleries, museums, and private venues like to add some form of information boards for those with seeing disabilities to learn facts or information just like the rest of us. There is no limit to what you can convey and make your location more accessible and informative.